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Understanding Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

By October 9, 2020 No Comments
Understanding Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

It is a type of mental health disorder that people tend to ensue at any stage after experiencing a traumatic life event. Such events may fall in the range of life-threatening and normal incidents involving accidents, combats, an abusive relationship, sexual assault, or the death of a loved one.

Traumas have different intensities to it. Some may last for a brief time while others can take place a lifetime, disrupting your mental health to a greater extent; PTSD is one of them.

 

People who have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder encounter the horror of their past trauma long after the incident. It involves long-term effects that include severe anxiety followed by increased heartbeat and quivering body, insomnia, flashbacks or nightmares of the incidents, panic attacks, distress, anger, causing to feel extremely stressed out and frightened repeatedly. They feel detached from everyone else and isolate themselves.

 

A person can develop PTSD at any stage of their life. Both children and adults can have PTSD. According to the American Psychiatric Association, women are more likely to have PTSD as compared to men.

 

Some of the symptoms of PTSD include:

 

Flashbacks and nightmares:

People who have PTSD have repeated intrusive thoughts. They may experience flashbacks of the events. Sometimes the flashbacks are so apparent that it makes them think as if the incident is repeatedly happening. They feel helpless as they have no control over their disturbing thoughts. They may even have nightmares involving the repetition of the distressful episodes of their life. They live under the shadow of these fearful life events and think that these past incidents can happen again. They are always followed by fear and stress.

 

Refusing to talk about it:

People with PTSD avoid talking about their traumatic life events. They even tend to restrain from discussing their struggle with anyone, isolating themselves completely and suffering on their own. They also avoid people, places, or situations that remind them of such events. They suffer all alone in a world of their own. They develop a view that people might not relate to or understand their situation, so they avoid talking about it.

 

Difficulty in concentrating:

They may struggle with difficulty in paying attention to certain things. They find it hard to concentrate on any work and feel a lack of motivation. They develop a distorted image of themselves and fall into self-loathing, thinking they are the reason why everything bad ever happens. They feel guilty for everything that took place and avoids forming ties with anyone. They blame themselves for extreme life events.

 

Mental health problems:

People with PTSD have to deal with mental disorders like anxiety, depression, and repetitive episodes of panic attacks, leading to insomnia and other health problems. They are more likely to exhibit anger outbursts, which can be harmful to them. They become very sensitive, and in order to avoid such symptoms, they may even fall for substance abuse.

 

Such symptoms may develop over time or even occur all at once. It depends on the people. Sometimes they also happen after many years of the traumatic event. It is important to seek help if you notice them in yourself or in someone you know.

 

How can PTSD be diagnosed?

PTSD can be diagnosed; all you have to do is seek professional health. It may take some time to recover from it. Help is available by major depression psychiatrist in Albuquerque, NM. To get PTSD diagnosed, you need to have at least one or all of the symptoms mentioned above. If you do, then seek help as soon as possible.

Some treatments are available, including cognitive processing theory, cognitive restructuring, exposure theory, medications, etc. A person who has PTSD is more like to develop other mental health problems, so it is better to seek help before things worsen. It is always a brave decision to make.